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完全倒裝和部分倒裝的幾種情況
更新時間:2024-05-21 02:12:45

  1、全部倒裝

 ?。?)here, there, now, then, thus等副詞置于句首,謂語動詞常用be, come, go, lie, run等表示來去或狀態的動詞。例如:

  Then came the bus. Here is your letter.

 ?。?)表示運動方向的副詞或地點狀語置于句首,謂語表示運動的動詞。

  Out rushed a boy。

  Ahead sat an old woman.

  但如果主語是人稱代詞,不能要倒裝,比如:Here you are. Away they went.

  2、部分倒裝

 ?。?) 句首為否定或半否定的詞語,如no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, at no time, in no way, not until… 等。

  Never have I seen such a performance.

  Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room. 

  當Not until引出主從復合句,主句倒裝,從句不倒裝。注意: 如否定詞不在句首不倒裝。比如:I have never seen such a performance.

  The mother?didnt?leave the room until the child fell asleep.

 ?。?)否定詞開頭作部分倒裝

  如 Not only…but also, Hardly/Scarcely…when, No sooner… than等,要倒裝。例如:

  Not only did he refuse the gift, he also severely criticized the sender.

  Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her.

  No sooner had she gone out than a student came to visit her.

 ?。?)so, neither, nor作部分倒裝

  用這些詞表示也、也不 的句子要部分倒裝。例如:

  Tom can speak French. So can Jack.

  If you wont go, neither will I.

 ?。?)only+ 副詞/介詞/狀語從句位于句首,要部分倒裝

  Only in this way, can you learn English well.

  Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting.

  如果句子為主從復合句,則主句倒裝,從句不倒裝。

  Only when he is seriously ill does he ever stay in bed.

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